Education is an important component of a person’s life as it gives the needed knowledge and skills for personal and professional development. However, the traditional education systems have prioritized academic success over emotional intelligence in the student growth process. Emotional intelligence at school enables students to have greater control over their emotions. The ability to deal with emotions is essential during the school period and also very useful for the professional future of students. In addition, it is fundamental that they learn to shape their attitudes in a positive and beneficial way to health.
Meaning of Emotional Intelligence
Emotional intelligence (EQ) is the intelligent handling of emotions. Emotional intelligence is the ability to know, interpret and regulate emotions in yourself and others. Emotional intelligence also includes the ability to use emotions to guide thinking and acting. There are pillars of emotional intelligence (EQ), they are:
- Self Knowledge (knowing the emotions)
- optimism (control emotions)
- self-control or postponement of needs; (having self-motivation)
- empathy (have empathy)
- social skills (knowing how to relate)
- knowing the emotions: refers to the knowledge of the emotions and the actions that are taken in response to the stimuli received. This process allows the person to reflect on how he deals with emotional aspects;
- control emotions: after knowing emotions, you also need to learn to control them. Therefore, it is imperative to know how to react according to each situation, to have a positive mind, calm to take some action and avoid negative thoughts;
- having self-motivation: by recognizing and controlling one’s emotions, it becomes easier to be motivated, being able to respond to stimuli consciously;
- have empathy: empathy makes the person put himself in the other’s shoes, making him more sensitive to other people’s feelings;
- knowing how to relate: by controlling feelings and understanding the emotions of others around you, you create a positive environment to live together. This makes it possible to better develop interpersonal relationships and, consequently, increases the quality of life for everyone.
The Importance of Emotional Intelligence in Education
The importance of Emotional intelligence has been demonstrated in studies to have a major impact on a student’s academic achievement, social interactions, and general well-being. Here are some examples of how emotional intelligence relates to education.
- Increases the concentrations
As we have seen, by having emotional intelligence, it is easier to deal with external and internal factors to achieve your goals. In this sense, the concentration on the important subjects dealt with in the classroom is greater, which directly and positively impacts the results generated by the students.
- Social Relationships
Emotional intelligence is required for the development of positive social relationships, which are necessary for a student’s social and emotional well-being. Students with high emotional intelligence can better understand and manage their emotions, which can lead to improved communication and conflict resolution abilities. They are also more empathic and can effectively comprehend and respond to the emotions of others, which can help them create and sustain great connections.
- Overall Well-being
Emotional intelligence can improve a student’s mental and physical health, which can have a big impact on their overall well-being. Students with high emotional intelligence can manage stress, anxiety, and sadness better, which can lead to better mental health results. They are also better prepared to handle difficult events and adjust to change, which can boost their resilience and overall well-being.
Ways to Teach Emotional Intelligence
There are various educational tactics and interventions that can be used to teach and promote emotional intelligence. Here are some ideas for incorporating emotional intelligence into education:
- Introduce the main pillars to teachers
Initially, teachers must have knowledge about what emotional intelligence is and what are its pillars. Still, they need to understand that this will bring gains both for the school day and for the personal lives of students and educators themselves. Thus, they will be more involved in developing it, establishing practices and strategies that contribute to students being emotionally more secure and self-confident.
- Seek to encourage self-knowledge
Each student must be guided to a continuous search for self-knowledge . In this sense, it is important that you understand what you are feeling, your capabilities and what your limits are in the most different aspects, in addition to knowing the skills and competences you have and those you need to develop.
In this way, there is the possibility of setting objectives that will actually impact their development, so that they have a greater focus in the classroom, which goes beyond just absorbing the proposed content.
- Encourage self-confidence
Above, we mentioned self-confidence and its importance for the development of students’ emotional intelligence. In this way, the teacher needs to bring specific situations, so that the class as a whole can develop it. Look for activities in which students can identify which are the points in which they stand out, in which contexts it is possible to improve them, which need to be modified, among other aspects. If any child or adolescent does not believe in their potential or does not consider themselves competent to take on other challenges, it is also necessary to seek a stimulus so that they identify that they are capable of achieving what they want.
- Parental Involvement
Parental participation can play an important role in helping adolescents develop emotional intelligence. Parents can help their child’s emotional development by providing a supportive and nurturing atmosphere at home. They can also provide feedback and coaching on their child’s emotional behavior by modeling positive emotional behavior.
When you are concerned about taking care of your students’ emotional health , the education environment automatically becomes a safe, strong and emotionally healthy place. Thus, it is possible to form better citizens who are aware of their attitudes in today’s society.